Spain rules what is now North America, Central America, South America and the major islands of the Caribbean.
Other players are the:
Kingdom of England
The Mosquito Coast was declared to be under the protection of the English crown in 1687. In 1699 William Pitt established the British settlement of Black River (Palacios) on the Mosquito Coast
In 1650, English settlers arrived from St Kitts and colonized Anguilla. In 1656 Indians from a neighboring island came and destroyed the settlement. The French temporarily overtook the island in 1666 but under the Treaty of Breda it was returned to English control.
*Antigua and Barbuda
As part of the Treaty of Breda France formally ended its claim of Antigua in 1667 giving control to the British. In 1685 the plantation owner Christopher Codrington, a sugar planter from Barbados leased the island of Barbuda from the British crown. Because of its exclusive specialization in sugar, the economy was not very diverse. Consequently, they import a lot, including much of food from the American colonies and Britain.
In 1670 King Charles II granted the islands to the Earl of Craven a Lord Proprietor of the Carolinas, who rented the islands from the king with rights of trading, tax, appointing governors, and administering the country. Now, law fails the area and it is a haven for pirates.
From the arrival of the first British settlers in 1627–1628 until independence in 1966, Barbados has been under uninterrupted British control. It has had a series of recent disasters as well— locusts, fires, hurricanes and flooding.
*British Honduras (Belize)
English buccaneers began cutting logwood, which was used in the production of a textile dye. English buccaneers began using the coastline as a base from which to attack Spanish ships. Buccaneers stopped plundering Spanish logwood ships and started cutting their own wood in the 1650s and 1660s. Logwood extraction then became the main reason for the English settlement for more than a century. A 1667 treaty, in which the European powers agreed to suppress piracy, encouraged the shift from buccaneering to cutting logwood and led to more permanent settlement.
*British Virgin Islands
England took formal control of the Caymans, along with Jamaica, under the Treaty of Madrid in 1670 after the first settlers came from Jamaica in 1661-71 to Little Cayman and Cayman Brac. These first settlements were abandoned after attacks by Spanish privateers, but English privateers often use the Cayman Islands as a base and they are an increasingly popular hideout for pirates.
Jamaica was captured, then ceded to England in 1670 under the Treaty of Madrid.
The island fell under English control in 1632 when anti-Catholic violence in Nevis forced a group of Irish, many of whom had been unwillingly transported from Ireland as slaves, to settle in Montserrat. A neo-feudal colony developed.
The colonists built an economy based on the production of sugar, rum, arrowroot and Sea Island cotton, cultivated on large plantations manned by slaves.
*Saint Kitts and Nevis
After the Kalinago Genocide of 1626, Saint Kitts was partitioned between the British and French, with the French gaining the ends, Capisterre in the North and Basseterre in the south, and the British gaining the centre. In 1689, during the War of the Grand Alliance, France re-occupied the entire island, and decimated the British farms. English retaliation by General Codrington defeated the French forces and deported them to Martinique. The Treaty of Rijswijk in 1697 restored pre-war conditions. Nevis was ruled by the British. In 1702 English forces annexed the whole of the island of St. Kitts.
Saint Lucia – In 1664, Thomas Warner (son of the governor of St Kitts) claimed Saint Lucia for England. He brought 1,000 men there to defend it from the French, but after two years there were only 89 left, mostly due to disease.
Turks and Caicos Islands – Bermudians claimed the islands for Britain and came to Turks & Caicos to rake the salt and take it back to Bermuda. Salt was a precious commodity back then as it was used not only for flavoring food but for preserving it as well. They held the islands until 1706Republic
The Dutch Republic controlled:
Aruba – Acquired in 1636 by the Dutch and remained under their control for nearly two centuries.13
Netherlands Antilles – In the 17th century, the islands were conquered by the Dutch West India Company and were used as military outposts and trade bases, most prominent the slave trade.14
Guyana – The Dutch West India Company, which administered most of the colony from 1621 to 1792, granted early Dutch and then British settlers ownership over 100-hectare tracts of land.15
Kingdom of France
At the year 1700 Louis XIV ruled as King of France and of Navarre. In the new world he controlled:
Dominica – The first permanent settlers on the Island were French smallholders fom Martinique who arrived in 1715. The island would stay French until the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748 when it was decided between, Great Britain and France to treat the island as neutral ground and leave it to the Caribs.16
Haiti – The first official settlement on Tortuga was established in 1659 under the commission of King Louis XIV.17 France established the first permanent French settlement on the mainland of Hispaniola, Cap François (later Cap Français, now Cap-Haïtien) in 1670.17 Under the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick, Spain officially ceded the western third of Hispaniola to France.17
Grenada – On 17 March 1649 a French expedition of 203 men from Martinique, led by Jacques Dyel du Parquet who had been the Governor of Martinique on behalf of the Compagnie des Iles de l’Amerique (Company of the Isles of America) since 1637, landed at St. Georges Harbour and constructed a fortified settlement, which they named Fort Annunciation.18
Guadeloupe – The island was first settled by the French in 1635. Along with the rest of the French Caribbean it became a crown colony of France in 1674.19
Martinique – The island was first settled by France in 1635 and evolved into a plantation society.20
Saint Barthélemy- From 1651 to 1673 Saint Barthélemy was under the control of the Knights of Malta21 After 1673 it was returned to France.21
St. Vincent – While the English were the first to lay claim to St. Vincent in 1627, the French would be the first European settlers on the island when they established their first colony at Barrouallie on the Leeward side of St. Vincent shortly before 1700.22
Saint Kitts and Nevis – After the Kalinago Genocide of 1626, Saint Kitts was partitioned between the British and French, with the French gaining the ends, Capisterre in the North and Basseterre in the south, and the British gaining the centre. In 1689, during the War of the Grand Alliance, France re-occupied the entire island, and decimated the British farms. English retaliation by General Codrington defeated the French forces and deported them to Martinique. The Treaty of Rijswijk in 1697 restored pre-war coniditons.
Denmark controlled what is now the:
United States Virgin Islands – The Danish West India Company settled on Saint Thomas in 1672, on Saint John in 1694, and purchased Saint Croix from France in 1733.